Tuesday, 11 November 2014

Historical Backdrop

The historical backdrop of Christianity concerns the Christian religion, its devotees and the Church with its different groups, from the first century to the present.

Christianity rose in the Levant (now Palestine and Israel) in the mid-first century AD. Christianity spread at first from Jerusalem all through the Near East, into spots, for example, Syria, Assyria, Mesopotamia, Phoenicia, Asia Minor, Jordan and Egypt. In the fourth century it was progressively received as the state religion by Armenia in 301, Georgia in 319,the Aksumite Empire in 325, and the Roman Empire in 380. After the Council of Ephesus in 431 the Nestorian Schism made the Church of the East. The Council of Chalcedon in 451 further isolated Christianity into Oriental Orthodoxy and Chalcedonian Christianity. Chalcedonian Christianity partitioned into the Roman Catholic Church and Eastern Orthodox Church in the Great Schism of 1054. The Protestant Reformation made new Christian groups that differentiated from the Roman Catholic Church and have developed into numerous distinctive categories.

Christianity stretched all through the world amid Europe's Age of Exploration from the Renaissance onwards, turning into the world's biggest religion.today there are 2 billion Christians, one third of humankind.